The first set of postage stamp

The first set of postage stamp

The first set of postage stamp

The first set of postage stamps went sale in Harar- 1895.
 Became a member of the Universal Postal Union-
1902.
 The first two motor cars were imported-1902.
 The first meter gauge railway reached Diredawa from
Djibouti-1902.
 The Royal Palace of Addis Ababa built in 1902 could
accommodate 5000 guests in one-sitting with complete
dining sets.
 Modern banking started in 1905 and the first bank was
the bank of Abyssinia.
 The first hotel in Addis Ababa is –Etege Taitu hotel –
1907.
 Menelik II school is the first school -1908
 First Ethiopian government hospital is Menelik II-1910
 First Amharic Newspaper was Aymo-1911
 The railway to Addis Ababa was completed in 1917.

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The Ankober Palace Museum

The Ankober Palace Museum

The Ankober Palace Museum

The Ankober Palace Museum has two gold embroidered
cloaks each consisting of 23 kilograms of gold and were
worn by Emperor Menelik II and his wife Empress Taitu
during their wedding.
 The cloth covering the ‘Tabot’is embroidered with 36
kilograms of gold. There are also numerous gold
embroidered ceremonial umbrellas.

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Apiece of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified

Apiece of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified

Apiece of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified

Apiece of the cross on which Jesus Christ was crucified is at
the ‘Gishen Mariam’ Church in Wollo, ij Northern Ethiopia.
 This church is on aplateau shaped like a cross.
 The annual feast of gishen Mariam is celebrated on 1st October(21stMeskerem)

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Selam

Selam

Selam

The almost complete hominid fossil of a baby girl,3 3 million
years old,’ Selam’ was discovered in 2000 by Ethiopian
paleo- anthropologist Dr. Zeraysenay Alemseged un Dikika-
Afar Region
 This belongs to the same species, Australopithecus
Afrensis, as another Ethiopian super star, Lucy( locally
known as’ Dinkenesh’) which is 3 2 million years old
and was found in 1974.
 Unlike Lucy, the three year old baby girl (nicknamed
Selam) has fingers, a foot , a complete torso and most
important of all, a face.
 Dr. Zeraysenay has also discovered fossilized stone
Tools used 3 4 million years making it the oldest in the
world.
 the latest discovery is Ardi, 4 4 millon years old.
 These finds without a doubt classify Ethiopia as
the cradle of mankind

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Sebastopol Cannon

Sebastopol Cannon

Sebastopol Cannon

Sebastopol Cannon

There were industrial activities at Gafat, near Debere Tabor during the reign of Emperor Tewodros II in the 1860’s manufacturing cannons and mortars.
• The highlight was the mortar ‘Sebastopol’ weighing 6.27 metric tons and designed to fire 500 kilograms cannon ball.
• The size of this cannon had no parallel in its time in Africa.

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Sof Omar Cave

Sof Omar Cave

Sof Omar Cave

Sof Omar Cave

Sof Omar, 15 kilometers long, one of the world’s most spectacular and extensive underground caves in Bale.
• It’s also Africa’s largest and one of the world’s biggest caves with 24 internal entrances.
• It’s a revered place for Muslims.

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Harar gate

Harar gate

Harar gate

Harar gate

The 1000 year old city of Harar is a sacred Islamic center in the world, after Mecca and The Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem.
• Harar has 90 mosques in one square mile.

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የሀረር በር

የሀረር በር

የሀረር በር

የሀረር በር

ዕድሜው 1000 (አንድ ሺ) ዓመት የሆነው የሐረር ከተማ በዓለም ላይ ቅዱስ እስላማው ማዕከል ተደርጎ ይቆጠራል፡፡ የሐረር ከተማ ፣ መካን . መዲናንና የኢየሩሳሌሙን ‹የአለቱ ጉልላት› መስጊድን ይጠቀልላ ፡፡
• በሀረር ከተማ በ1.7 ካሬ ኪሎ ሜትር የቦታ ስፋት ላይ 90 መስጊዶች ይገኛሉ፡፡

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Al-Nejashi Mosque

Al-Nejashi Mosque

Al-Nejashi Mosque

Al-Nejashi Mosque

Islam crossed the shores of the Red Sea into Axum before it was even properly established in Saudi Arabia.
• Some of Prophet Mohammed’s relatives including 107 Muslims came to Ethiopia during the persecution of Muslims in Mecca, and settled in Nejash, Northern Ethiopia and then returned home safely after many years.
• Al-Nejashi in Tigray is the oldest mosque in Africa. The first building was erected in the 7th century.

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